Israel is located in the Middle East, on the narrow region connecting Africa and Asia.
The country's geographical borders are the Mediterranean to the West, the Jordan Valley Rift to the East, Lebanon mountains to the North and Eilat Bay marking the country's southern tip.
Although small in territory, Israel's landscape and climate are varied. There are snow-capped mountains in the north alongside dry wildernesses in the south, and desolate areas alongside modern lively cities.
Israel’s ethnic and religious mosaic is rich and fascinating, and it has numerous cultural institutions and entertainment centers. Thanks to its rich history and sanctity for the three monotheistic religions, it has many ancient and holy sites.
Israel’s dense population does not interfere with a wealth of plants and wildlife, as well as many historical and natural attractions.
Israel offers travelers:
- A wealth of touring opportunities, including pilgrimage journeys, resort holidays, cultural tours, water sports adventures and desert safaris.
- Luxury hotels, glamorous spas and unique restaurants. In addition to world-class Israeli hotels, almost every international hotel chain is represented in Israel.
- A central location, where Europe, Asia and Africa meet.
- Numerous connecting flights to and from all major world centers.
- Countless reasons to bring a loved one and stay a few more days.
The traveler to Israel walks through history: from windswept crusader castles to ports where seamen, pilgrims and famous travelers spent some time and then moved on; from desert landscapes that were home to traveling tribes, half forgotten armies and merchants in camel caravans, to sheikhs’ tombs with whitened domes, silent monasteries and ancient synagogues decorated with colorful mosaics.
The State of Israel was created in the Land of Israel which was promised to the People of Israel according to Jewish tradition. It was where Jesus, the Christian Messiah, was born and the place where Mohammed, the Moslem Prophet, ascended to heaven. The meeting place of three continents and two seas, the country is a skein of cultures, customs and traditions, a country that was home to many people, cultures and changing religions. On the crossroads of ancient routes of commerce, the land also saw waves of conquering armies: the Canaanites, Hebrews, Babylonians, Persians, Greeks, Romans, Arabs, Crusaders, Ottoman Turks and the British, made this much-desired small country into a battlefield where they strove for eminence, built fortifications, castles and royal palaces.
Israel enjoys long, warm, dry summers (April-October) and generally mild winters (November-March) with somewhat drier, cooler weather in hilly regions, such as Jerusalem and Safed. Rainfall is relatively heavy in the north and center of the country, with much less in the northern Negev and almost negligible.
Weather extremes range from occasional winter snowfall in the mountain regions to periodic oppressively hot dry winds that send temperatures soaring, particularly in spring and autumn.
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